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Artist Anonymous, Italian School, Pisan, active 13th century.
Title Crucifix: Triumphant Christ.
Date 1225-1235.
Description Graphic reproduction(s) with documentation of a painting.
Dimensions/Medium 62 1/8 x 59 in.
tempera on panel.


Location Call Number Vol./Copy Status Information
 Frick Photoarchive Items  Pisan School (13th century) 703-24 e    NON-REQUESTABLE
Provenance (a) From the church of Santa Cristina, Pisa;
(a) Oratorio del SS. Crocifisso, in the House of St. Catherine, Siena, (b) hangs over the high altar in the Chiesa del Crocifisso, Santuario Cateriniano, Siena, (c) it was only in 1565 that, through the agency of Cardinal Ciccolini, archbishop of Pisa, and brothers of the Confraternità di Santa Caterina, in Pisa, that the Crucifix was brought from the church of Santa Cristina, Pisa, it was placed, 1623, in the large chapel added to the saint's house.
Current repository Oratorio del SS. Crocifisso, Casa di Sta. Caterina, Siena, Italy, public.
Condition history (a) The head of the angels are new. Otherwise damaged and dirty but free of repaint; (b) Kept covered; (d) The Crucifix has darkened very much, and is protected by a glass which could not be removed, making it extremely difficult to photograph.
Attribution history (d) Italian School, Tuscan - 4th quarter 12th c. by F. Mason Perkins, 1926. Probably Pisan, of the beginning of 13th century; (a) Italian School, Pisan - 2nd quarter 13th c. by Garrison, 1949, dated to 1225 to 1235. By the S. Catherine's Crucifix Master, named from this work; (f) Manner of Italian School, Byzantine by van Marle, 1923. Directly inspired by the Franciscan crosses which followed the dramatic representations of Giunta Pisano; (b) Italian School, Pisan - 1st quarter 13th c. by Touring Club Italia, 1959; (h) Italian School, Pisan by Heywood and Olcott, 1924. A remarkably impressive Crucifix of the early Pisan School; (f) Eastern style, dirctly inspired by Bizantinum than with the Franciscan crosses.
Subject (b) The Crucifix before which S. Catherine of Siena received the stigmata; it was brought here from the church of S. Cristina in Pisa.
Images Photograph, Sansoni 6282 Frick Art Reference Library, New York (FARL) negative (Crucifix with its background of votive offerings on brocade cloth)
Photograph, Lombardi unknown Frick Art Reference Library, New York (FARL) negative (detail, angel at end of right arm of the cross)
Photograph, Gabinetto Fotografico Nazionale, Rome E-9917 Purchase Sansoni, Florence, shipment 205 2/20/1961
Photograph, Gabinetto Fotografico Nazionale, Rome E-9918 Purchase Sansoni, Florence, shipment 205 2/20/1961 (detail, head and bust of Christ)
Photograph, Gabinetto Fotografico Nazionale, Rome E-9919 Purchase Sansoni, Florence, shipment 205 2/20/1961 (detail, torso of Christ and figures at the sides)
Photograph, Gabinetto Fotografico Nazionale, Rome E-9920 Purchase Sansoni, Florence, shipment 205 2/20/1961 (detail, the Virgin and an attendant, on the left)
Photograph, Gabinetto Fotografico Nazionale, Rome E-9921 Purchase Sansoni, Florence, shipment 205 2/20/1961 (detail, St. John and an attendant, on the right)
Photograph, Gabinetto Fotografico Nazionale, Rome E-9922 Purchase Sansoni, Florence, shipment 205 2/20/1961 (detail, angel at end of left arm of the cross)
Photograph, Gabinetto Fotografico Nazionale, Rome E-9923 Purchase Sansoni, Florence, shipment 205 2/20/1961 (detail, angel at end of right arm of the cross)
Digital image, 10305.tif photograph March 6, 1999
Digital image, 10305a.tif photograph March 6, 1999
Digital image, 10305b.tif photograph March 6, 1999
Digital image, 10305c.tif photograph March 6, 1999
Digital image, 10305d.tif photograph March 6, 1999
Digital image, 10305e.tif photograph March 6, 1999
Digital image, 10305f.tif photograph March 6, 1999
Digital image, 10305g.tif photograph March 6, 1999
Digital image, 10305h.tif photograph March 6, 1999
Digital image, 6282_POST.tif negative
Digital image, 6282_POST.tif negative
Sources (a) Garrison, Italian Romanesque Panel Painting, 1949, p.196, fig.509.
(b) Touring Club Italia, Toscana, 1959, p.586.
(c) Domenico P. Toncelli, La Casa di Santa Caterina a Siena, 1909, pp.90, 92 to 94, 96 to 98.
(d) F. Mason Perkins, annotations on back of Sansoni-Nesti photograph, 1926.
(e) Crowe and Cavacaselle, History of Painting in Italy, L. Douglas ed., vol.i, 1903, p.149, no.3.
(f) van Marle, Italian Schools of Painting, vol.i, 1923.
(g) Frick Art Reference Library, September 1962.
(h) Heywood and Olcott, Guide to Siena, 1924, pp.379 to 380.
LC subject Anonymous, Italian School, Pisan, active 13th century.
Art, Italian.
Other subject New Testament: Life of Christ: Crucifixion.
Form Italian School.
Paintings (visual works)
Reproductions.
Related corporate bodies Oratorio del SS. Crocifisso (Rome, Italy)
Frick Art Reference Library.
Frick artist name form Pisan School (13th century), 13th C.
Variant attribution Pisan School (12th century).
Italo-Byzantine School.
Fund Record created with funding from ARTstor.

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