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Author/Artist Frick, Henry Clay, 1849-1919, creator.
Title Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series IV: Receipts 1900 - 1926.
Description 23.4 linear feet ; 56 boxes.
Arrangement Arranged alphabetically. Personal names are filed by surname; corporate bodies are filed in direct order. Materials may also be filed by subject (e.g. payroll, New York residence, etc.)
Location Call Number Vol./Copy Status Information
 Frick Archives  HCFF.1.4    AVAILABLE
Access restrictions These records are open for research under the conditions of The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives access policy. Contact the Archives Department for further information at archives@frick.org.
Summary This series consists primarily of receipted invoices, 1900-1926, for personal and office expenses incurred by Henry Clay Frick, his family, and staff. The receipts encompass a range of goods and services, including groceries, clothing, transportation, medical expenses, club dues and charges, books and subscriptions, utilities, and payroll. These items document expenses at the Frick family's homes in Pittsburgh, Pa., and Prides Crossing, Mass., their residences at 640 Fifth Avenue and 1 East 70th Street in New York, N.Y., and some of the family's travels. Expenses incurred after Fric̕k s death in December 1919 were paid by his estate. Receipts are occasionally accompanied by correspondence, passbooks, or printed material, such as notices, brochures, and pamphlets, and folder contents may range from a single item to several folders of documentation. This series is not a complete record of all invoices paid by Henry Clay Fric̕ks office and household. For additional receipts and invoices see: Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series III: Voucher Files in this repository.
Biographical/historical note Henry Clay Frick was born in 1849, in West Overton, Pa. One of six children, his parents were John W. Frick, a farmer, and Elizabeth Overholt Frick, the daughter of a whiskey distiller and flour merchant. Frick ended his formal education in his late teens, and began work as a clerk at an uncle's store in Mt. Pleasant, Pa. In 1871, Frick borrowed money to purchase a share in a coking concern that would eventually become the H.C. Frick Coke Co. Over the next decade, Frick expanded his business through the acquisition of more coal lands and coke ovens, and joined forces with fellow industrialist Andrew Carnegie in 1882. He assumed the chairmanship of Carnegie Bros. and Co. (later Carnegie Steel Co.) in 1889, and served in that capacity until his resignation from the company in December 1899.
In 1881, Frick married Adelaide Howard Childs of Pittsburgh. The couple purchased a house, nicknamed Clayton, in the Homewood section of Pittsburgh, and had four children: Childs Frick (1883-1965), Martha Howard Frick (1885-1891), Helen Clay Frick (1888-1984), and Henry Clay Frick, Jr. (born 1892, died in infancy). After the turn of the century, Frick and his family began dividing their time between Pittsburgh, New York, and Massachusetts. In 1905, Frick leased the Vanderbilt mansion at 640 Fifth Avenue in New York. The family's summer residence, located on Boston's North Shore, was completed in 1906 and christened Eagle Rock. As early as 1907, Frick began planning for a New York residence of his own. That year, he purchased a plot of land at the corner of Fifth Avenue and 70th Street, and in 1912, after the demolition of the Lenox Library formerly on the site, began building the beaux arts mansion which now houses The Frick Collection. Designed by Thomas Hastings of the firm Carrère and Hastings, the family moved into the house at One East Seventieth Street in the fall of 1914, and Frick died there five years later.
Cite as Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series IV: Receipts. The Frick Collection / Frick Art Reference Library Archives.
Source of acquisition On deposit from the Helen Clay Frick Foundation, 2001.
Related collections Additional invoices and receipts can be found in the Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series III: Voucher Files, The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives.
Finding aids Available online and in repository.
Provenance These files form part of the Frick Family Papers, placed on deposit by the Helen Clay Frick Foundation at The Frick Collection and Frick Art Reference Library. They were received from the Frick Art and Historical Center (Pittsburgh, Pa.) in December 2001.
LC subject Frick, Adelaide Howard Childs, 1859-1931.
Frick, Childs, 1883-1965.
Frick, Helen Clay, 1888-1984.
Frick, Henry Clay, 1849-1919.
Genre/Form Financial records.
Invoices.
Receipts (financial records).
WorldCat no. 690008995

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