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Author/Artist Frick, Henry Clay, 1849-1919.
Title Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series III: Voucher Files, 1892-1929.
Description 35 linear feet (82 boxes).
Arrangement Arranged in three subseries: I. Accounts Payable Vouchers - Group I, 1892-1919; II. Accounts Payable Vouchers - Group II, 1912-1919; and III. Estate Vouchers, 1919-1929. Items are arranged by voucher number, or chronologically, with alphabetical indexes filed at the beginning of Subseries I and II.
Location Call Number Vol./Copy Status Information
 Frick Archives  HCFF.1.3    AVAILABLE BY APPT
Access restrictions These records are open for research by appointment under the conditions of The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives Access Policy. For all inquiries or to schedule an appointment, please contact the Archives Department at
Summary Henry Clay Frick's Voucher Files, 1892-1929, consist of accounts payable vouchers and memorandum vouchers documenting a wide variety of expenditures, including household goods and services, payroll, investments, donations and gifts, and travel. Together, these items give a clear and thorough picture of the Frick family's tastes and habits, as well as their daily activities and interests. Examples of some expenditures are cars, china, clothing, shoes, furniture, jewelry, books, entertainment, tuition, horses, carriages and feed, gifts to family members and charitable organizations, doctors' fees and prescriptions, and expenses incurred in the staffing, maintenance, and improvement of the family's residences. Vouchers issued after Henry Clay Frick's death document legal fees, taxes, insurance, payroll, investments, continuations of gifts to family initiated during Frick's lifetime, and household and office expenses billable to the estate.
Each voucher records when and to whom payment was made, the nature of the expense, check number, and account drawn upon for payment. Accounts payable vouchers are signed by the payee, and are often accompanied by documents such as invoices, correspondence, and canceled checks. Memorandum vouchers were generated for internal accounting purposes, and typically have few attachments. Alphabetical indexes of payees are available in the repository.
Biographical/historical note Henry Clay Frick (1849-1919) was a wealthy Pittsburgh industrialist who made much of his fortune through the production of coke and steel. He founded H.C. Frick Coke Co., and formed a business partnership with Andrew Carnegie in 1882. He became chairman of Carnegie Bros. & Co. (later Carnegie Steel Co.) in 1889, and served in that capacity until his resignation from the company in 1899. Following his break with Carnegie, Frick remained engaged in business until the end of his life, serving on the boards of various banking, railroad, and insurance concerns. Frick was also active as a philanthropist, contributing to educational and cultural institutions, hospitals, churches, and civic organizations.
Frick married Adelaide Howard Childs in 1881, and the couple established a residence (called Clayton) in Pittsburgh. They had four children: Childs Frick (1883-1965), Martha Howard Frick (1885-1891), Helen Clay Frick (1888-1984), and Henry Clay Frick, Jr. (born 1892, died in infancy). In addition to their home in Pittsburgh, the Fricks also maintained a summer home called Eagle Rock in Prides Crossing, Mass., and a beaux arts mansion at One East 70th Street in New York, designed by Thomas Hastings. A prominent art collector, Frick began acquiring paintings around the time of his marriage, and continued to build his collection until his death in 1919. The bulk of his collection, consisting of paintings by old masters such as Rembrandt, Van Dyck, Gainsborough, Holbein, and Turner, along with furnishings and decorative objects, was housed in his New York residence, which he bequeathed as a museum upon his death. The Frick Collection opened to the public in 1935.
Cite as Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series III: Voucher Files. The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives.
Source of acquisition Gift of the Helen Clay Frick Foundation, 2015.
Related collections Vouchers for the construction of the Frick family's New York residence are filed in the One East 70th Street Papers. Documentation of expenditures prior to 1892 can be found in Henry Clay Frick's Invoice Books. Additional invoices are located in Henry Clay Frick's Receipts series.
Finding aids Available online and in repository.
Note Forms part of the Frick Family Papers.
LC subject Frick, Adelaide Howard Childs, 1859-1931.
Frick, Childs, 1883-1965.
Frick, Helen Clay, 1888-1984.
Frick, Henry Clay, 1849-1919.
Genre/Form Financial records.
WorldCat no. 612325703

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