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Author/Artist Morgan, John Hill, 1870-1945.
Title John Hill Morgan Research Files, 1922-1944.
Description 7.3 linear feet (12 boxes, 8 bound volumes).
Arrangement The collection is arranged in six series, which correspond to Morgan's original filing system: Series I: "The Life Portraits of George Washington and Their Replicas," Series II: Additions to "The Life Portraits of George Washington and Their Replicas," Series III: George Washington Portraits - Not from Life, Series IV: Gilbert Stuart, Series V: Shepard-Hughes-Danton Fakes, and Series VI: George Washington Portraits - General Research.
Location Call Number Vol./Copy Status Information
 Frick Archives  MS.008    AVAILABLE BY APPT
Access restrictions These records are open for research by appointment under the conditions of The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives Access Policy. For all inquiries or to schedule an appointment, please contact the Archives Department at
Summary Correspondence, approximately 500 black and white photographs of George Washington portraits, handwritten and typed notes, annotated volumes, printed material, some drafts of Morgan's writings, and copies of diaries and letters document John Hill Morgan's research on portraits of George Washington and other early American works. Papers date from 1920-1944, with a few printed items dating from 1892-1913. The bulk of the collection contains Morgan's research and correspondence for his 1931 book, "The Life Portraits of George Washington and Their Replicas," which he co-authored with Mantle Fielding.
Also of note is Morgan's research on Gilbert Stuart, which includes reference materials and his annotated volumes of "Gilbert Stuart: An Illustrated Descriptive List of His Works" (1926) by Lawrence Park. Additional research in the collection concerns portraits of George Washington not included in Morgan's or Park's books, and fakes of early American oils and drawings: Frank Bayley's sale of a Washington portrait later determined to be a copy (in Series IV: Gilbert Stuart), and a series of fake drawings sold in the 1920s and early 1930s by a man using various aliases, including George J. Shepard, Ferdinand Danton and John J. Hughes (in Series V: Shepard-Hughes-Danton Fakes).
Biographical/historical note John Hill Morgan (1870-1945), an assistant professor and curator of American painting at Yale University, was considered an authority on early American art, most notably of portraits of George Washington. Among his publications are "The Life Portraits of George Washington and Their Replicas" (1931) which he co-wrote with Mantle Fielding, "Gilbert Stuart and His Pupils" (1939), and "Early American Painters" (1921), as well as other monographs and articles on artists such as John Watson, Joseph Blackburn, Saint-Mémin, Jeremiah Theus, and John Ramage. A member of the Governing Committee of Museums of the Brooklyn Museum of Art and a trustee of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences and the New York Historical Society, Mr. Morgan also served as a New York State Legislator (1900-1903) and Bank of America director (1925-1932), and was a member of the New York law firm Rumsey & Morgan.
Cite as John Hill Morgan Research Files. The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives.
Source of acquisition Bequest of John Hill Morgan, 1945. One file, "Spurious Stuart Washington Portrait - Frank Bayley, 1928-1943" was a gift of John Hill Morgan, 1943.
Related collections Additional John Hill Morgan correspondence can be found in the Frick Art Reference Library Central Correspondence.
Finding aids Available online and in repository.
LC subject Bayley, Frank W. (Frank William), 1863-1932.
Other subject Danton, Ferdinand.
LC subject Fielding, Mantle, 1865-1941.
Other subject Hughes, John J.
LC subject Morgan, John Hill, 1870-1945. Life portraits of George Washington and their replicas.
Park, Lawrence, 1873-1924. Gilbert Stuart: an illustrated descriptive list of his works.
Other subject Shepard, George J.
LC subject Stuart, Gilbert, 1755-1828.
Washington, George, 1732-1799 -- Portraits.
Art -- Forgeries.
Portrait painters -- United States.
Portraits, American.
Portraits, Colonial -- United States.
Presidents -- United States -- Portraits.
Genre/Form Clippings.
WorldCat no. 608552525

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