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Author/Artist Frick, Henry Clay, 1849-1919.
Title Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series VIII: Letterpress Copybooks, 1881-1923.
Description 32.4 linear feet (70 volumes)
Arrangement Materials are arranged in three subseries: I. General Letterpress Copybooks, 1881-1919; II. Secretary's Letterpress Copybooks, 1892-1919; and III. Special Letterpress Copybooks, 1893-1923.
Access restrictions Volume 1 of the General Letterpress Copybooks is closed due to condition. A digital copy must be used in place of the original. All other records are open for research by appointment under the conditions of The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives Access Policy. For all inquiries or to schedule an appointment, please contact the Archives Department at
Summary Series consists of 70 letterpress copybooks containing the outgoing correspondence of Henry Clay Frick and his office staff. These volumes document business dealings, investments, art collecting, political activities, taxes, insurance, philanthropy, and personal matters. They give insight into Frick's daily activities, interactions with colleagues and friends, political views, and manner of conducting business. Correspondents represented include Andrew Carnegie, Walton and E.M. Ferguson, Philander Chase Knox, Thomas Lynch, Jay C. Morse, W.R. Stirling, H. McK. Twombly, H. A. Gray, M.S. Quay, Charles S. Carstairs, M. Knoedler & Co., F.J. Osterling, and Daniel H. Burnham. Volumes are grouped by type into three subseries: I. General Letterpress Copybooks, 1881-1919; II. Secretary's Letterpress Copybooks, 1892-1919; and III. Special Letterpress Copybooks, 1893-1923. Within each subseries, copybooks are arranged chronologically, and correspondents are indexed alphabetically at the front of each volume.
Biographical/historical note Henry Clay Frick (1849-1919) was a wealthy Pittsburgh industrialist who made much of his fortune through the production of coke and steel. He formed a business partnership with Andrew Carnegie in 1882, and became chairman of Carnegie Bros. & Co. (later Carnegie Steel Co.) in 1889. He served in that capacity until his resignation from the company in 1899. For the remainder of his life, however, Frick continued to be a fixture in industrial and financial circles in America. He served as a director of United States Steel Corporation, and of various railroads, banks, insurance companies, and invested in property in and around Pittsburgh, as well as in Massachusetts, New York, and Indiana. He also served on the boards of cultural, educational, and charitable organizations, including the American Academy in Rome, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and Princeton University.
Frick was married to Adelaide Howard Childs of Pittsburgh, with whom he had four children: Childs Frick (1883-1965), Martha Howard Frick (1885-1891), Helen Clay Frick (1888-1984), and Henry Clay Frick, Jr. (born 1892, died in infancy). They maintained a home in Pittsburgh (Clayton), as well as an elaborate summer residence called Eagle Rock) on Boston's North Shore, which was completed in 1906 . From 1905-1914, the family also occupied the Vanderbilt mansion at 640 Fifth Avenue in New York, before building their own residence on the site of the former Lenox Library at Fifth Avenue and 70th Street. A prominent art collector, Frick began acquiring paintings around the time of his marriage, and continued to build his collection until his death in 1919. The bulk of Frick's art collection was housed in his New York residence, which he bequeathed as a museum upon his death. The Frick Collection opened to the public in 1935.
Cite as Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series VIII: Letterpress Copybooks. The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives.
Source of acquisition Gift of the Helen Clay Frick Foundation, 2015.
Finding aids Available online and in repository.
Note Forms part of the Frick Family Papers.
LC subject Burnham, Daniel Hudson, 1846-1912.
Other subject Caldwell, R.B.
LC subject Carnegie, Andrew, 1835-1919.
Carstairs, Charles, ǂd 1865-1928.
Other subject Chubb, C.F. (Charles F.)
Ferguson, E.M. (Edmund M.)
Ferguson, Walton, 1842-1922.
LC subject Frick, Henry Clay, 1849-1919.
Other subject Gray, H.A.
Knoedler, Roland F. 1856-1932.
LC subject Knox, Philander C. (Philander Chase), 1853-1921.
Other subject Lynch, Thomas, 1854-1914.
McElroy, F.W. (Frank W.)
Megrew, George.
Morse, Jay C., d. 1906.
LC subject Osterling, F. J., 1865-1934.
Other subject Overholt, Karl F., d. 1938.
LC subject Quay, Matthew Stanley, 1833-1904.
Other subject Stirling, W.R.
Twombly, H. McK. (Hamilton McKown), d. 1910.
LC subject M. Knoedler & Co.
Genre/Form Correspondence.
Letterpress copybooks.
WorldCat no. 844094390

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