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Author/Artist Frick, Henry Clay, 1849-1919.
Title Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series VI: Accounts 1880-1942.
Description 42.87 linear feet (58 document cases, 143 bound volumes, and one oversize flat box)
Arrangement Materials are arranged in six subseries: Subseries I: Bound Volumes, 1880-1927; Subseries II: Contingent Funds, 1902-1922; Subseries III: Payroll, 1902-1916; Subseries IV: Office Accounts,1902-1942; Subseries V: Investment Accounts, 1906-1925; and Subseries VI: Bank Records, 1891-1928.
Location Call Number Vol./Copy Status Information
 Frick Archives  HCFF.1.6    AVAILABLE
Access restrictions These records are open for research by appointment under the conditions of The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives Access Policy. For all inquiries or to schedule an appointment, please contact the Archives Department at
Summary This series includes ledgers, journals, account books, expense reports, payroll records, receipts, passbooks, checkbooks, canceled checks, and bank and brokerage statements documenting the personal finances of Henry Clay Frick from 1880 through his death in 1919. Items dated after Frick's death generally pertain to assets managed by his estate, although one volume records transactions as late as 1942. Materials are divided into six subseries: Bound Volumes, 1880-1927; Contingent Funds, 1902-1922; Payroll, 1902-1916; Office Accounts, 1902-1942; Investment Accounts, 1906-1925; and Bank Records, 1891-1928.
Subseries I: Bound Volumes is chiefly composed of ledgers and journals, but also includes cash books, registers of securities, and volumes for recording interest accrual and dividends. Files in the Contingent Funds subseries contain expense reports, receipts, bank records, and bound volumes documenting expenditures for staff, goods, and services at Frick family residences, especially those in New York and Prides Crossing, Mass. These files were compiled by housekeepers, chauffeurs, and other Frick family staff, including Mary A.E. Carter, J.G. Congreve, Georges Després, Joseph Holroyd, Robert D. Lull, William G. Mason, Minerva Stone, and George Wyness. Subseries III: Payroll chiefly documents staff at Frick's Massachusetts and New York homes. Employees in Pittsburgh and other places, however, are also mentioned. Items in the Office Accounts subseries were compiled and maintained by Frick's office staff in Pittsburgh. These document office expenses, as well as household goods and services procured for the family. Subseries V: Investment Accounts consists of general files concerning the sale, purchase, and inventory of Frick's financial investments. It also contains files for specific investment accounts at firms such as Charles D. Barney & Co. and Moore, Leonard & Lynch. These account files are primarily composed of monthly statements, but may also include correspondence and notes. Subseries VI: Bank Records documents Frick's personal checking accounts and agent accounts in New York, Pittsburgh, and Massachusetts. Agent accounts were maintained by F.W. McElroy and C.F. Chubb on Frick's behalf. This subseries also contains one folder of receipts from foreign bank transactions made while the Frick family was traveling abroad.
Biographical/historical note Henry Clay Frick (1849-1919) was a wealthy Pittsburgh industrialist who made much of his fortune through the production of coke and steel. He founded H.C. Frick Coke Co. in the 1870s, and formed a business partnership with Andrew Carnegie in 1882. Frick became chairman of Carnegie Bros. & Co. (later Carnegie Steel Co.) in 1889, and served in that capacity until his resignation from the company in 1899. Following his break with Carnegie, Frick remained engaged in business until the end of his life, serving on the boards of various banking, railroad, and insurance concerns.
Frick married Adelaide Howard Childs in 1881, and the couple established a residence (called Clayton) in Pittsburgh. They had four children: Childs Frick (1883-1965), Martha Howard Frick (1885-1891), Helen Clay Frick (1888-1984), and Henry Clay Frick, Jr. (born 1892, died in infancy). In addition to their home in Pittsburgh, the Fricks also maintained a summer home called Eagle Rock in Prides Crossing, Mass., and a residence in New York. From 1905 to 1914, they leased the Vanderbilt mansion located at 640 Fifth Avenue. In 1914, they moved to their newly constructed residence at 1 East 70th Street, designed by Thomas Hastings. A prominent art collector, Frick began acquiring paintings around the time of his marriage, and continued to build his collection until his death in 1919. The bulk of Frick's art collection was housed in his New York residence, which he bequeathed as a museum upon his death. The Frick Collection opened to the public in 1935.
Cite as Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series VI: Accounts, The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives.
Source of acquisition Gift of the Helen Clay Frick Foundation, 2015.
Finding aids Available online and in repository.
Other subject Carter, Mary A.E.
Chubb, C.F. (Charles F.)
Congreve, J.G.
Després, Georges.
LC subject Frick, Henry Clay, 1849-1919 -- Homes and haunts -- New York (State) -- New York.
Frick, Henry Clay, 1849-1919.
Other subject Holroyd, Joseph.
Lull, Robert D.
Mason, William G.
McElroy, F.W. (Frank W.)
Stone, Minerva.
Wyness, George.
LC subject Accounting.
Household employees.
Women household employees.
Genre/Form Account books.
Bank statements.
Checks (bank checks).
Financial records.
Journals (accounts)
Payroll records.
Receipts (financial records).
WorldCat no. 858310063

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